Women’s Leadership and Participation in the Peace, Security and
Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Great
Achievements, Challenges, and Opportunities
Niamh Reilly and Roslyn Warren
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The culmination of a joint study by the
Centre for Global Women's
Studies at NUI Galway and the
Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and
Security in Washington, DC, this report offers a review of the first year of
implementation of the PSC Framework. (A version in French will be available in
The report takes as its point of departure the
adoption of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the DRC and
region (February 2013) and the tenure of Mary Robinson as UN Special Envoy
for the Great Lakes region of Africa (March 2013-July 2014).
The overall aim of
the report is to provide well-documented information on the ongoing
implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework, with a focus
on women and gender. In particular, it identifies key gains made, as well as
challenges and opportunities that exist for women’s leadership and
participation, and for bottom-up civil society engagement more generally,
therein. As such, the resulting report is also intended to support the efforts
of women and other civil society actors to engage with and monitor progress in
the implementation of the PSC Framework.
This report is based on a review of
relevant policy documentation at international, regional and DRC levels and on
several semi-structured interviews by email with key informants, including 11
women civil society leaders in the DRC.
Part I provides a brief account of the
recent history of conflict in the DRC and region, including the prominence of
sexual and gender-based violence therein. It also includes a summary of the
provisions of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework and its operation,
an introduction to the role and mandate of the UN Special Envoy for the Great Lakes
region of Africa, and a brief discussion of the particular approach taken by
Special Envoy Robinson.
Part II reviews highlights to date of progress in the
implementation of the PSC Framework on each of its three levels: Regional,
International and in the DRC.
Part III explores the views of women civil
society leaders in the DRC regarding implementation efforts of the DRC
Government to date in three key PSC Framework commitment areas: Security Sector
Reform, Consolidation of State Authority, and Economic and Social Development.
Appendix B includes a summary of the recommendations made to the DRC Government
regarding each of these areas.
Finally, the conclusion highlights some of
the main achievements discussed in the report, with a focus on those aspects that
present particular challenges, as well as opportunities for increasing women’s
participation and leadership in the implementation process.