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Women’s Leadership and Participation in the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Great Lakes Region

Achievements, Challenges, and Opportunities

by Niamh Reilly and Roslyn Warren

>> To download this report in ENGLISH, click here. <<

>> Pour télécharger ce rapport en FRANÇAIS, cliquez ici. <<

The culmination of a joint study by the Centre for Global Women's Studies at NUI Galway and the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security in Washington, DC, this report offers a review of the first year of implementation of the PSC Framework. (A version in French will be available in August 2014).

The report takes as its point of departure the adoption of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the DRC and region (February 2013) and the tenure of Mary Robinson as UN Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region of Africa (March 2013-July 2014).

The overall aim of the report is to provide well-documented information on the ongoing implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework, with a focus on women and gender. In particular, it identifies key gains made, as well as challenges and opportunities that exist for women’s leadership and participation, and for bottom-up civil society engagement more generally, therein. As such, the resulting report is also intended to support the efforts of women and other civil society actors to engage with and monitor progress in the implementation of the PSC Framework.

This report is based on a review of relevant policy documentation at international, regional and DRC levels and on several semi-structured interviews by email with key informants, including 11 women civil society leaders in the DRC.

Part I provides a brief account of the recent history of conflict in the DRC and region, including the prominence of sexual and gender-based violence therein. It also includes a summary of the provisions of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework and its operation, an introduction to the role and mandate of the UN Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region of Africa, and a brief discussion of the particular approach taken by Special Envoy Robinson.

Part II reviews highlights to date of progress in the implementation of the PSC Framework on each of its three levels: Regional, International and in the DRC.

Part III explores the views of women civil society leaders in the DRC regarding implementation efforts of the DRC Government to date in three key PSC Framework commitment areas: Security Sector Reform, Consolidation of State Authority, and Economic and Social Development.

Appendix B includes a summary of the recommendations made to the DRC Government regarding each of these areas.

Finally, the conclusion highlights some of the main achievements discussed in the report, with a focus on those aspects that present particular challenges, as well as opportunities for increasing women’s participation and leadership in the implementation process.


Advanced Research Consortium on Gender, Culture and the Knowledge Society